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This week in animal research 09/10/15

9 October 2015

Posted by: UAR news team

Category: Research & medical benefits

07/10/15

Scientists at the Universities of Manchester and Nottingham have been funded to develop a gel that will match many of the biological structures of human breast tissue, to advance cancer research and reduce animal testing.

http://www.mcrc.manchester.ac.uk/News?newsId=281

Hog-nosed rat discovered in Sulawesi, Indonesia

The species, which has been named Hyorhinomys stuempkei - hog-nosed rat - has "distinct and unique features uncommon to other rats", they said.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-34451265

08/10/15

“Every baby elephant should be dropping dead of colon cancer at age 3,” said Dr. Joshua D. Schiffman, a pediatric oncologist at the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah.

Writing Thursday in The Journal of the American Medical Association, Dr. Schiffman and his colleagues report that elephants appear to be exceptional cancer fighters, using a special set of proteins to kill off damaged cells.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/13/science/why-elephants-get-less-cancer.html

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28306-elephants-almost-never-get-cancer-thanks-to-multiple-gene-copies/

Infection can trigger leukaemia in genetically susceptible mice, suggesting an environmental cause for the most common type of childhood cancer.

Cancer Discov. http://doi.org/73j

The Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease crisis in Europe was a turning point for the diet of the Galician wolf, which until the year 2000 had primarily fed on the carrion of domestic animals. A new study shows that, after European health regulations made it illegal to abandon dead livestock, wolves started to consume more wild boars, roe deer and wild ponies, but also began to attack more cattle ranches when faced with food shortages in certain areas.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26105972

09/10/15

A tiny piece of a rat’s brain has been reconstructed in minute detail in a computer. The digital piece of brain, which includes 31,000 neurons and their 37 million synapses, fires like the real thing, and is already revealing fresh clues as to how the brain works.

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28308-digital-version-of-piece-of-rat-brain-fires-like-the-real-thing/